3   Chronology Carl Flesch
by
J. Sánchez-Penzo

1873, Oct. 9: Flesch is born in Wieselburg (Moson), Hungary. His father, who belonged to an old and renowned Jewish family, was military physician at Wieselburg.
1878: When 4 years and 11 months of age he starts school.
1879: Shortly before his 6th birthday he begins to receive violin lessons from a saddler who played this instrument each Sunday in the church. A short time later Flesch upgrades receiving violin lessons from the fire-brigade's bandmaster.
1883: His mother brings him to Vienna, where he firstly receives lessons by Adolf Back for 2 years Flesch will later consider as lost years.
1883, Dec. 31: First public appearance at Wieselburg playing Alard's 'Faust Fantasy'.
1885: He plays to Josef Hellmesberger sen., at that time director of the Vienna Conservatoire. His opinion of Flesch's playing was rather discouraging. Jakob Grün was then consulted. He recommended him to attend Josef Maxintsak's class and promissed to take Flesch into his own class a year later.
1885 (Autumn): Flesch enters Josef Maxintsak's class.
1886 (Autumn): Flesch enters Jakob Grün's class.
1890 - 1894: Studies at the Paris Conservatoire, where he finishes with the Grand Prix. While being in Sauzay's class, he occasionally takes private lessons with Marsick, who succeeded Sauzay at the conservatoire two years later.
1895: First appearances in Vienna. In two successful and acclaimed concerts he performs works by Paganini, Bach, Saint-Säens and other composers.
1896 (Autumn): Successful Berlin debut with a similar programme as in Vienna. As a result of the 2 Berlin concerts he gets several engagements for appearances in Halle, Leipzig, Budapest, Prague and Strassbourg.
1897 - 1902: Professor at the Bucarest Conservatoire and musician at the court of the Romanian Queen Elisabeth (Carmen Sylva).
1902 - 1903: Flesch returns to Berlin.
1903: Flesch is appointed as professor of the Amsterdam Conservatoire becoming the successor of the Joachim pupil Bram Eldering.
1903 - 1908: He teachs in Amsterdam, where he continues developing as pedagogue and soloist. He creates a concert cycle performing chronologically works for violin solo from 17th to 20th century. The concert cycle takes place in Berlin in 1905.
1906: He marries Bertha Josephus-Jitta, who belonged to one of the most distinguished Jewish families in the Netherlands at that time.
1908: Flesch and his family move to Berlin, where he gives private lessons and builds a duo with Arthur Schnabel. Later on Jean Gérardy joins them to build a trio.
1914: During his America tour Flesch performs in 25 cities in the USA and makes his first recordings.
1914: Gérardy leaves the trio being succeeded by Hugo Becker. Until 1921 the members are Flesch (violin), Becker (cello), and Schnabel (piano). In 1921 Schnabel leaves the trio. He is succeeded some years later by Carl Friedberg.
1920: Flesch founds a society for helping indigent musicians with the name 'Hilfsbund für deutsche Musikpflege'.
1921: 12 weeks master class at the Musikhochschule Berlin.
1923 - 1924: Concert tour in the USA.
1924 - 1928: He teachs at the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia, as head of the violin department, and gives privat lessons in Baden-Baden, Germany.
1928: He is appointed to the Musikhochschule in Berlin, where he teachs during the winter months. In summer he gives private lessons and helds courses mainly in Baden-Baden. It is the latter which led to the current Baden-Baden Flesch Akademie, which is intended to perpetuate the tradition.
1930: The Flesch family adoptes the German nationality retaining the Hungarian as well.
1934, Sept. 30: Flesch leaves the Musikhochschule Berlin.
1935, June 20: The Nazis deprive Flesh and his wife of the German nationality. A short time later they leave Germany and emigrate to London.
1939, Sep.: At the very beginning of the war Flesch and his wife live in London. He gets several Dutch engagements and receives the permission to go to Holland with his wife, where they both remain.
1940, May: Germany occupies the Netherlands. Flesch is denied by the German occupation authorities to return to London or leave Holland.
1942: Géza von Kresz and Ernst von Dohnanyi as well as the Hungarian goverment help Flesch and his family move from Den Haag to Budapest.
1943, April: Flesch and his wife arrive in Lucern, Switzerland, where he had been offered a teaching post through the good offices of the conductor Ernest Ansermet. Some days later he starts giving master-classes at the Conservatoire
1944, Nov. 15: Flesch dies in Lucerne, Switzerland